Tag: Fifth Generation

Poland to allocate additional $55 bllion on defense by 2032: deputy minister

Defilada z okazji Święta – Christmas Day Parade

WARSAW (Reuters) – Poland will allocate an additional 200 billion zlotys ($55 billion) on defense over the next 15 years to modernize its army amid signs of growing aggression from Russia, a deputy defense minister said.

Russia’s Zapad military exercises next month in Belarus and western Russia, the largest in years, have raised concerns for their lack of transparency, with NATO worried the official number of troops participating might be understated.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg will visit Poland on Thursday and Friday to check on deployment of U.S. troops in the east of the country and to meet Polish, Romanian and Turkish government officials.

Poland, alarmed by what it sees as Russia’s assertiveness on NATO’s eastern flank, has lobbied hard for the stationing of NATO troops on its soil, especially since Moscow’s annexation of Crimea in 2014.

“The government has approved a legislative amendment … which gives us nearly 200 billion zlotys over the next 15 years,” deputy defense minister Tomasz Szatkowski said, adding that this was in line with plans to raise defense spending gradually to reach 2.5 percent of gross domestic product.


“This is not a trivial amount,” he told Reuters in an interview.

The Polish government agreed in June to raise defense spending gradually from 2 pct to 2.5 percent of GDP. This means that annual spending would nearly double to about 80 billion zlotys by 2032.


Szatkowski, architect of a new national concept for defense, said that although the ministry would be getting almost all the money needed to implement the strategy, some “hard choices” will have to be made.

The plan is to increase the size of the army nearly twofold and revamp the equipment. Nearly two-thirds of equipment dates from the Soviet era when the country was in the Moscow-led Warsaw Pact.

The navy, though, will fare less well from modernization. The ministry has canceled the purchase of two classes of surface vessels, including multi-task frigates used to protect other warships.

“We cannot afford to expand the transport fleet,” Szatkowski said. Higher spending on artillery, engineering or assault helicopters will come at the cost of expanding the airborne forces.

Szatkowski defended the spending plans which have been criticized as “unrealistic”.

“Nobody can release from us the obligation of planning and creating a coherent vision and proving there is money for it – something that is happening for the first time on such a scope in the history of Polish defense planning,” he said.

Writing by Lidia Kelly; Editing by Richard Balmforth.


Russia’s 5th-generation fighter jet named as Su-57

Sukhoi Su-57 Russian Fifth Generation Fighter

Russia’s T-50 (PAK FA) fifth-generation fighter jet has received the serial index of Su-57, Aerospace Force Commander-in-Chief Colonel General Viktor Bondarev said in an interview with the website of Zvezda TV Channel on Friday.

“The decision has been made and the plane has got its name like a child after the birth. Su-57 is how we now call it,” Bondarev said.

Media reports earlier said citing sources in the aircraft-building industry that the T-50 fighter would be named as the Su-57.

The PAK FA (Perspective Aviation Complex of Frontline Aviation) took to the skies for the first time in 2010. As was reported earlier, the experimental design work on the cutting-edge fighter jet should be completed in 2019 and its deliveries to the troops should begin at that time. As United Aircraft Corporation CEO Yuri Slyusar said, the pre-production batch will consist of 12 such planes.

It was reported that the T-50 with the advanced (main) engine would perform its debut flight in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Currently, the so-called first stage engine 117S is mounted on the Russian fighter. A new engine has not yet received its name and is conventionally designated as the second stage engine.




Russian defense contractor to supply 12 fifth-generation fighters in pre-production batch

Sergei Bobylev/TASS

The pre-production batch of T-50 fifth-generation fighter jets will equal 12 planes, United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) Head Yuri Slyusar said at the MAKS-2017 international airshow on Wednesday.

“From the very outset, we proceeded from the fact that the final decision had been made on 12 planes,” he said.

The T-50 (PAK FA) is Russia’s fifth-generation fighter, which took to the skies for the first time in 2010. It was earlier reported that the serial production of T-50 fighters would begin in 2017 and it would enter service with the Russian Aerospace Force.

According to new data, the first stage of the aircraft’s trials is expected to be completed in 2018.

It was reported earlier that the T-50 with the advanced (main) engine would perform its debut flight in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Currently, the so-called first stage engine 117S is mounted on the Russian fighter. A new engine has not yet received its name and is conventionally designated as the second stage engine.

Source: TASS Russian News Agency.


Japan mulls equipping F-35s with air-to-surface missiles

The first F-35A stealth fighter manufactured in Japan is seen at a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. factory in Toyoyama, Japan, on June 5. JAPAN NEWS-YOMIURI PHOTO

Stars and Stripes, By THE JAPAN NEWS/YOMIURI, 26 June 2016

TOKYO — The Japanese government is considering equipping cutting-edge F-35 stealth fighters with air-to-surface missiles, which are capable of striking remote targets on land, and plans to deploy these fighters to the Air Self-Defense Force, The Yomiuri Shimbun has learned.

It will become the first introduction of such missiles for the Self-Defense Forces. The government hopes to allocate relevant expenses in the fiscal 2018 budget, according to sources close to the government.
The main purpose of the introduction is to prepare for emergencies on remote Japanese islands. ome experts believe the government is also eyeing possession of the capability of attacking targets such as enemy bases for the purpose of defending the country.

According to the sources, F-35 fighter jets that will replace the ASDF’s F-4 fighter aircraft are employed by U.S. forces and others. The F-35 aircraft has an advanced stealth capability that makes the aircraft less visible on enemy radar. The ASDF plans to introduce a total of 42 units of the F-35 and gradually deploy them to the Misawa Air Base in Aomori Prefecture starting at the end of this fiscal year. The government is considering introducing some additional capabilities for the aircraft.

The most likely option the government is currently focusing on is the Joint Strike Missile (JSM) that is being developed mainly by Norway, which also participated in an international project to develop the F-35. The ASDF currently has no air-to-surface missile capabilities, but the JSM has both air-to-ship and air-to-surface capabilities, with an estimated range of about 300 kilometers.

The Defense Ministry is building up national defense systems to defend remote islands, such as the Nansei Islands. In addition to deploying new Osprey transport aircraft to the Ground Self-Defense Force, the ministry plans to create an amphibious rapid deployment brigade, similar to other nations’ marines.

As an air-to-surface missile has a long range, it is possible to effectively strike a target from safe airspace. For this to be possible, the ministry decided it was necessary to consider introducing the JSM to prepare for situations such as preventing foreign military vessels from approaching remote islands or the SDF launching an operation to regain control of an occupied island.

The Joint Strike Missile (JSM) is a fifth-generation, long-range, precision-guided, stand-off missile system designed by Kongsberg Defence Systems of Norway

Meanwhile, if the F-35 aircraft with an advanced stealth capability is equipped with long-range air-to-surface missiles, it will effectively be possible to use the F-35 to attack bases in foreign countries.

The government has said that the Constitution allows Japan to possess the capability of striking enemy bases, but the nation does not actually possess the capability as its political decisions have been based on an exclusively defense-oriented policy.

If Japan introduces air-to-surface missiles, it could prompt opposition from neighboring countries. Therefore, the government is believed to be seeking the understanding of those countries by explaining that it does not intend to use the capability to attack enemy bases, but to defend remote islands.

The First Japanese-Built F-35A Unveiled At Nagoya Production Facility In Japan. Lockheed Martin Photography by Thinh D. Nguyen

However, with North Korea continuing its nuclear and missile development programs and repeatedly conducting provocative actions, there are growing calls for the government to possess the capability to strike enemy bases to improve Japan’s deterrence.

Amid such a situation, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has expressed on multiple occasions his intention to consider the issue. On June 20, the Liberal Democratic Party’s Research Commission on Security compiled an interim report on proposals for the next medium-term defense program for fiscal 2019-23, in which it called for the government to swiftly start discussions on possessing the capability to attack enemy bases.


Polish Defense Minister : US President Trump confirms the threat of Russian aggression

UAWIRE, 3 June 2017

The US does not approve of Russia’s policy towards Ukraine and is ready to defend the eastern flank of NATO. The head of the Polish National Defense Ministry Antoni Macierewicz told Polish Radio that this was stated by American President Donald Trump at the last NATO summit in Brussels.

“President Trump is aware of threats from Russia on the eastern flank. The results of the Brussels meeting were clear. This concerns not only the defense of Poland, but also the disapproval of the seizure of the Crimea and the violation of the territorial integrity of Ukraine. This is one of the most important factors determining the true resolve of the United States in partnering with others in the defense of the free world,” Macierewicz stressed.

Donald Trump appeared to support these sentiments at the recent summit when he urged NATO member states to counter threats from Russia.

We may see permanent US Army bases in Poland sooner than anyone expects. Many bases will be relocated from Germany to Poland on top of planned up to 20,000 military personnel to be sent directly from the US. The scheduled to enter active service in 2018 Aegis ABM complex in Redzikowo, northern Poland, will need at least three wings of the US Air Force and a multilayer air and anti ballistic defence systems manned by US personnel to defend it. There are already close to 2000 US tanks and armoured vehicles and over 100 US Air Cavalry helicopters in Poland. With its own 48 F-16 Block 52+ fighter jets, 40 AGM-158A JASSM and already purchased but still under delivery 130 AGM-158B JASSM-ER Air-to-surface missiles Poland already poses a serious deterrent, especially with its over 50,000 strong (not yet) territorial defence trained by the elite special forces “Grom” military instructors and led by a former “Grom” battalion commander recently promoted to the rank of general.

Poland plans to increase its defence budget from the current 2.1% to 3% of its GDP by 2025 and buy 64 F-35 Lightning II V generation fighter jets. It also lobbies the US Congress and the Pentagon to join the US nuclear sharing programme and move to Poland some B-61 Mode 10 and 12 thermonuclear precision tactical bombs. Poland is building a bilateral alliance with the USA in order to bypass the NATO promise of not creating permanent military bases east of Germany. Since Poland is not a signatory of this agreement (it joined NATO later) and the US has proven that RuSSia doesn’t comply with its START obligations, the jury is still out and the Trump administration will likely follow through with US countermeasures, especially with such a willing partner as Poland.