KUBINKA /Moscow region/, August 12. /TASS/. Women will be admitted to the Krasnodar aviation school for pilot training this year for the first time in Russia’s modern history, Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu told reporters on Saturday.
“There are quite a few girls who would like to become military pilots. We’ve received hundreds of letters, hence the decision to enroll the first group of girls in the Krasnodar military aviation school this year”, the minister said.
“They will be few in number, 15 all in all. However, considering the number of applications received by the Russian Aerospace Forces we cannot ignore these requests, so on October 1, the first group of girls will start training to become military pilots”, he added.
Shoigu who visited the celebrations to mark Aerospace Forces Day earlier in the day expressed the hope that the school’s female graduates will make such holidays more spectacular thanks to their skills five years later.
In 2009, the Krasnodar aviation school enrolled female cadets but not for pilot training.
Russia’s new diesel-electric submarine Krasnodar has arrived at its home base in Sevastopol (Crimea) for operation in the Black Sea Fleet after performing an inter-fleet passage and accomplishing missions in the Mediterranean Sea as part of the Russian Navy’s standing task force, TASS reports from the site.
“Today’s arrival of Krasnodar, a fourth submarine, in Sevastopol, is not only the arrival of a new submarine, but we can state now that a whole unit of submarines exists in Black Sea Fleet,” fleet’s Commander, Admiral Alexander Vitko, told reporters on Wednesday.
“Four submarines are in the Black Sea, two – in the Baltic Sea, and they will shortly start their passage to the home port,” he added.
Krasnodar’s passage has continued four months, which is a certain record for the Black Sea Fleet, the commander said, adding that in the future submarines will have longer passages.
As was reported in late June, the frigates Admiral Essen, Admiral Grigorovich and the submarine Krasnodar destroyed large arms depots of the Islamic State terrorist organization (outlawed in Russia) with six cruise missiles in Syria, delivering the strikes from the eastern portion of the Mediterranean Sea.
The submarine had worked on interaction assignments as part of a multiple-type tactical group with two frigates.
A keel-laying ceremony for Project 636.3 diesel-electric submarine (SSK) Krasnodar took place on February 20, 2014 at the Admiralty Shipyard in St. Petersburg. The submarine was floated out on April 25, 2015.
The Project 636.3 (Varshavyanka-class) covers the third generation of diesel-electric submarines that are among the most noiseless underwater cruisers in the world.
They are capable of developing a surface speed of up to 20 knots and dive to a depth of 300 meters. They have a cruising capacity of 45 days and a crew of 52.
The Project 636.3 submarine displaces about 4,000 tonnes in its underwater position.
The first series of six such Project 636.3 Varshavyanka-class submarines have already been delivered to the Russian Black Sea Fleet.
Six Varshavyanka-class submarines for the Pacific Fleet are planned to be built before 2022.
The Russian Airspace Force is hard up for pilots, while the fresh shift is expected only in 2018, insiders told Mil.Today.
“Air units hope for graduation of 2018”, explained Mikhail [name changed], an active military pilot. He added that due to the lack of young pilots, the elderly ones had to serve longer.
Another source interviewed by Mil.Today, an ex-pilot Sergey Yekimov, confirmed that information. According to him, over 400 pilot cadets are expected to graduate in 2018. The expert added that one of the major challenges for the Russian Airspace Force was the lack of the governmental approach to pilot training, including pre-college one.
Father of a pilot cadet, also former pilot, commented that flight training started from the third year, not from the second one, like it had been in the past. “Thus, flight experience amounts only to 80 hours instead of 300 or 400”, he said. According to the interviewee, this is due to the lost resources for high-grade airmanship.
“After graduation, the young officers have to continue training up to the high level, which takes about 5 years more. Speaking of shortage in the air staff, with current pace of training that problem will be resolved in a while”, said active pilot Dmitry [name changed].
All experts concurred that the rundown among young pilots was related to reduced number of air force colleges.
“The lack of military pilots and pilot cadets became more sensitive when the number of air force colleges was cut down by the ex-defense minister Anatoly Serdiukov. The situation improved last year, thanks to the graduation of pilot cadets”, said Col. Dmitry Zenin, spokesman of the Russian Airspace Force.
“The Serdiukov’s reformation of training system was aimed at their reduction with no regard to consequences. The situation changed for the better when the defense minister’s post was taken by Sergey Shoygu, and some training facilities were restored in order to replenish the deficient staff”, summarized Nikolai Dergachyov, vice president of the Sasovo Air College.
SEAPOWER, By RICHARD R. BURGESS, Managing Editor, 1 June 2017
ARLINGTON, Va. — The Russian Navy plans to increase installations of cruise missiles on its warships, the Russian Ministry of Defense said. Installations will occur as ships go through modernization availabilities.
In a May 29 release, the ministry said that, ‘In the framework of modernization, submarines and warships of the Russian Navy will be armed with Kalibr cruise missiles.’
Since October 2015, the Kalibr missile occasionally has been used in combat in strikes against land-based ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria) and rebel targets inside Syria. The missiles have been launched from warships in the Caspian Sea and more recently from warships and submarines in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The most recent strike was launched from the Eastern Mediterranean, according to a May 30 report on the Russian RT website, though no specific date of the strike was given. The frigate Admiral Essen and the submarine Krasnodar launched a total of four missiles against ISIS vehicles near Palmyra, Syria, and, according to the report, ‘All targets were destroyed.’
Russia provided notification of the strike in advance to the warn the United States, Israel and Turkey, much as the United States provided notification to Russia before its April 6 Tomahawk strike on Syria.
‘The sea-based Kalibr cruise missiles are capable to deliver high-precision strikes at a distance of 1,500 kilometers on sea and land targets, what significantly increases the combat capabilities of both surface warships and submarines of the Russian Navy,’ the ministry release said. ‘Universal technical performance of this missile system makes it possible to modernize the Navy’s surface warships and submarines effectively.’
The use of long-range land-attack cruise missiles makes Russia the third nation to use such missiles in combat. The U.S. Navy and the U.K. Royal Navy have fired more than 2,000 Tomahawk missiles in combat since 1991 against targets in Iraq, Afghanistan, Sudan, Libya, Bosnia and Serbia.
Russian Navy vessels have launched four Kalibr cruise missiles at ISIS positions near Palmyra, Syria, according to the Russian Ministry of Defense.
The navy’s newest frigate, Project 11356 Admiral Essen, launched two of the missiles. The frigate was commissioned earlier this month and is currently on her maiden voyage.
The other Russian Navy vessel involved in the strikes was the Project 636.6 diesel-electric submarine Krasnodar. The submarine launched the missiles from a submerged position, similar to what her sister-boat Rostov-on-Don did in September 2015.
The Russian Ministry of Defense said the strikes were aimed at ISIS hangars near Palmyra. The ministry also added that the United States, Turkey, and Israel had been notified of the missile strikes.
The Kalibr cruise missile that was fired is a long-range cruise missile that is said to be capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
The missile has land-attack, anti-ship and anti-submarine variants and was earlier tested aboard Gepard class frigates and Buyan-M class corvettes against targets in Syria.