All these events aim for the build of our united regional military and force grouping
This year Russia supplied six Mil Mi-8 MTV-5 helicopters and battery of the Tor-M2E missile system. The commander of the Military-air forces and troops of the anti-air warfare of the Armed Forces of Belarus major-general Igor Golub as TASS reported.
‘We received six Mil Mi-8 MTV-5 helicopters and the fourth battery of the Tor-M2E missile system in service in the first half of the year according to the signed agreements with Russia and within the military and technical cooperation for the build of the military forces of our united regional grouping’, Golub claimed.
Also, the Defense Ministry made a contract with the Russian scientific and production Irkut Company for the supply of 12 Su-30 aircrafts from 2018 until 2020 and a contract for the supply of the 59H6-E radar system.
‘All these events aim for the build of our united regional military and force grouping. The regional system of anti-aircraft warfare of Russian and Belarus continues to develop for effective work’, Golub emphasized.
Russia and Belarus hold the joint strategic military drills of the Armed Forces once in two years. This year the drills will start on September 14 and will last until September 20.
The major part of the drills will take place in the territory of Belarus. 10 200 militaries will take part in the drills: 7 200 soldiers from Belarus and about 3000 soldiers from the Armed Forces of Russia. Totally, 12 700 militaries and 680 entities of equipment will take part in the drills.
‘The aim of the drills is to check the capacities of Belarus and Russia in the provision of the military security of the Common State, its readiness to respond to the possible aggression and to increase the coordination of the military authorities, field and aircraft units and detachment of the Armed Forces of both countries’, the Defense Ministry of Belarus noted.
The modernization of the Polish Armed Forces helicopter fleet has been one of the most hotly discussed topics of recent times. Regardless of the aircraft types that are selected (i.e. attack or multi-role platforms), defining the armament fit that would be used by the aircraft is critical.The Polish aviation industry, including the PGZ Group of companies, has real competency in the armaments supply domain, which may be further expanded through a relevant transfer of technology.
Light missiles carried in missile pods remain the primary ordnance for the attack and multi-role helicopter. The technological evolution has led to a situation in which such rockets may also feature a guidance system.
The Mesko company has concluded a cooperation agreement concerning this class of systems with Kongsberg, Raytheon and Thales. In the case of Thales, the proposal concerns the manufacturing of the latest guided and unguided 68 mm induction missiles.
When it comes to Raytheon and Kongsberg, collaboration on the production of the 70 mm laser guided rockets has been agreed. The rockets can be easily integrated across a variety of platforms. Their design is based on the NATO standard Hydra unguided 70 mm rockets (2.75 inch).
The 70 mm rockets manufactured by Mesko could also be based on the NLPR 70 mm projectiles which are already included in the company offer and are compliant with NATO standards. With a range of 2 kilometres the rockets may be used to attack targets, carrying a variety of 6 kg warheads. They constitute armament dedicated for a number of platforms, along with the WW-15 launcher manufactured by Mesko, holding 15 rockets, or the WW-4/N launcher developed by ZM Tarnów, holding 4 rockets. The whole system has been developed within the programme framework, the goal of which would be to tailor Polish armament to NATO standards, in order to replace the post-Soviet 57 and 80 mm rockets.
Both guided, as well as unguided rockets manufactured by Mesko, could become a part of the armament inventory for helicopters operated by Poland. This concerns both the armed CSAR multi-role helicopters, as well as the modern helicopters that are now in service. The same applies to the prospective rotary-wing aircraft that are to be procured via the Kruk attack helicopter tender. With the smaller launchers, this type of armament may be used onboard the Zefir- and Gryf-class UAV systems.
Polish rockets may be complemented with Grom/Piorun missiles in an air-to-air configuration. So far, such missiles have not been certified to be carried by the helicopters, however, trials are being conducted and it is hoped that the air-to-air option will be integrated shortly.
Gad-system has also been introduced to the Polish Army, utilizing the Striela-2M missiles. This solution has been operated by W-3 and Mi-2 helicopters and PZL-130 Orlik aircraft. A variant using the Grom and Piorun launchers may be a viable replacement. Attempts at adapting the Grom missiles for use on the W-3 Sokół/Głuszec helicopters were made as early as back in 2000, within the framework of the Gad-G programme.
At the moment the helicopters of the Polish Armed Forces have no ability to utilize ATGMs. That capability was lost once the operational lifetime of the Mi-24D/W helicopters ended. The abilities possessed by attack helicopters are a priority, as it is a requirement contained within the Strategic Defence Review. The emerging situation requires immediate steps to be taken to reverse it.
During the last year’s MSPO Defence Salon the W-3PL Głuszec helicopter was unveiled, carrying Spike-ER missiles with a range of 8 kilometers and Spike NLOS missiles that remain capable of striking targets beyond the line of sight, at distances of up to 25 kilometers. Black Hawk helicopters, for instance, also have the ability of using Spike missiles in a variety of engagements.
A few years ago Israel finalized tests of a modified “Battlehawk” helicopter, integrated with the Spike-ER ATGM system. On the other hand, the Columbian authorities have decided to arm their UH-60L Black Hawk helicopters with the Spike NLOS (25 km of range), Spike-ER and Spike-LR (range of up to 4 kilometers) missiles.
Spike-ER missile is also integrated with the Airbus Helicopters Tiger gunship, Israel has been working on integrating the weapon on the Apache helicopter.
Another variant of the Spike-LR missiles is being manufactured under license by the Mesko company. Representatives of the Rafael company have also declared their readiness to “polonize” other varieties of the Spike missile, should a decision be made to introduce the weapon into the inventory of the Polish Armed Forces.
At present, investigation into the procurement of a new type of ATGM for the Polish Army is being considered, with a prospect of that missile being used by the attack helicopter fleet. The process is in its infancy, hence a variety of proposals is being taken into consideration. When the proposals are assessed, potential chances of industrial collaboration shall also be taken into account. Regardless of the selected solution, it would be justified to start production domestically, as well as to establish potential for maintenance, operational support and prospective modernization.
Alongwith rocket armament, the PGZ Group may also offer a variety of types of gun for Polish attack, transport and utility helicopters. Polish Army Aviation will use .308 UKM-2000 machine guns, and .50-cal. WKM-B machine guns, with both weapons being manufactured by Tarnów in variants that may be carried by aircraft. This concerns both the electric-trigger unit variant, as well as versions that may be operated manually, by a gunner. Both weapons utilize NATO-standard ammunition and, for years, have been used by the Polish Armed Forces.
ZM Tarnów also offers LZS-12.7 gun pods in two variants, fitted with a WKM-Bm .50-cal. machine gun or multi-barrel WLKM-Bm .50-cal. machine gun. The gun-pod is slung under an external hardpoint, and is tailored to be used both with NATO as well as with Warsaw-Pact platforms. Alongside the gun, the pod also houses between 250 and 320 rounds of ammunition.
The multi-barrel WLKM 12.7x99mm machine gun is an original design developed by ZM Tarnów. The 50 kg six-barrel .50-cal. gun may be used to attack targets at the distance of up to 2000 meters, with theoretical rate of fire of 3600 rpm.
This type of weapon may be used at a gunner-station, as a gun pod, or as a remote-control turret. The ZSW-12.7 remote control turret manufactured by ZM Tarnów carries 320 .50-cal. rounds for the WKM-Bm gun. This variant is being used as an armament of the W-3PL Głuszec helicopter.
There is also an option of equipping helicopters with a six-barrel WLKM machine gun, of the same calibre. Once the ZSW-12.7 turret is integrated with the optronic sensor and weapons computer of the helicopter, the system may be installed and universally used by all varients of helicopters used by the Polish Armed Forces. It is also possible to integrate the weapon on the Black Hawk, H225M Caracal or CSAR AW101 rotary-wing aircraft.
All of the options discussed are based upon the capability of the PGZ Group to integrate new armament solutions into a mixed NATO/Warsaw-pact based fleet. Introducing some of the armament into production, such as guided air-to-ground missiles, requires further investigation. The implementation of these systems, may only be driven by the decisions taken by the Polish Ministry of Defence, with a proper advance given to the industry, within the scope of requirements defined by Polish industry, as a part of the Technical Modernization Plan and other long-term action plans.
The armament for the new attack and close support helicopters, or even the UAVs, shall be unified to a large extent. Creating manufacturing capabilities domestically may become more beneficial, as the costs of operation may be reduced.
This could happen on condition that a decision on procurement of standardized armament is taken early enough, especially with regard to guided weapons. In this way, the integration weapons systems may be planned in advance with a reference to the given platform (helicopter, UAV). At the same time, domestic industrial potential may be created with regard to production, operational and maintenance support tailored to the given weapons system.
The requirement for a standardized NATO armament system for the Polish Armed Forces is immediate. Not only should the decision precede the selection of the Kruk programme helicopter, and the multi-role helicopter tender, it should also be taken before the selection of the Zefir UAV is made which is expected to be capable of carrying guided munitions used by other air platforms operated by the Polish Armed Forces.
Russian President Vladimir Putin warned that the escalating crisis over North Korea’s weapons program risks developing into a “global catastrophe” with mass casualties.
But Putin, speaking in China on Tuesday, cautioned against “military hysteria” and said that the only way to resolve the crisis was through diplomacy.
He warned that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has calculated that the survival of his regime depends on its development of nuclear weapons. Kim had seen how western intervention in Iraq had ended in the overthrow of Saddam Hussein after which the country was ravaged by war, Putin warned, and Kim was determined not to suffer the same fate.
“Saddam Hussein rejected the production of weapons of mass destruction, but even under that pretense, he was destroyed and members of his family were killed,” Putin said.
“The country was demolished and Saddam Hussein was hanged. Everyone knows that and everyone in North Korea knows that.”
On Monday, US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley said Kim was “begging for war” and urged the UN Security Council to adopt the strongest sanctions measures possible to stop Pyongyang’s nuclear program.
But speaking at the closure of the BRICs summit in Beijing — which hosted the leaders of Brazil, India, China and South Africa — Putin said that while Russia condemned North Korea’s latest actions, imposing any kind of sanctions would be “useless and ineffective.” Kim would rather starve his people than see his regime overthrown, he said.
“They will eat grass but they will not turn away from the path that will provide for their security,” he said.
The latest escalation of the crisis came on Sunday when Pyongyang announced it had conducted a sixth nuclear test, which it claimed was of a hydrogen bomb. The claim has not been independently verified, but seismological data indicated that the weapon was the most powerful ever to be detonated by Pyongyang.
North Korea claims it now has the capability of mounting a thermonuclear weapon on a long-range missile capable of striking the United States.
Weapons experts say it’s almost impossible to verify if the warhead and missile could be successfully paired unless North Korea were to fire a nuclear-tipped ICBM.
Putin said it was clear that Pyongyang already had a nuclear capability — and in any case, no missile defense system could offer adequate protection against conventional long-range artillery.
“We know that North Korea has nukes, we also know that North Korea has long-range artillery and it has other types of weapons and there are no weapons against long-range artillery — and these weapons can be difficult to locate.
“So we think that this military hysteria will not lead to good results. It could lead to global catastrophe with lots of victims.”
In response to the latest tests, the South Korean Navy announced Tuesday it conducted live-fire drills off the east coast of the Korean Peninsula to check its “immediate operational readiness” after the country’s air force and army conducted their own joint drills. It had already mounted a huge show of military force on Monday.
South Korean President Moon Jae-in spoke with US President Donald Trump on Monday and agreed to lift current restrictions on the payload weight of South Korea’s ballistic missiles, according to a South Korean presidential spokesman.
CNN’s Taehoon Lee, Josh Berlinger and Sarah Faidell contributed to this article.
By firing a missile over Japan (a US ally), testing a hydrogen bomb, and now possibly preparing to launch another intercontinental ballistic missile, the North Korean leader is effectively saying he does not believe the US President’s threat to unleash “fire and fury”.
His family’s experience over the last 60 years tells him he is right.
The reason no American president has ordered military action against North Korea in that time remains the same – Seoul and its 10 million residents are well within range of the conventional artillery and rockets already deployed along the border.
Pyongyang doesn’t need nuclear weapons and ICBMs to be able to threaten massive retaliation against an American ally, likely including chemical and biological weapons.
As Steve Bannon, President Trump’s former chief strategist, put it: “Until somebody solves the part of the equation that shows me that 10 million people in Seoul don’t die in the first 30 minutes from conventional weapons, I don’t know what you’re talking about, there’s no military solution here, they got us.”
But what if that is also a bluff?
Kim Jong Un is not the cartoon villain caricature he is often portrayed as. We need to move beyond the hair jokes, and the image of the crazy despot.
To be clear, he is a despot, responsible for the brutal repression of his people, and he is running a regime accused of crimes against humanity, but he does not appear to be crazy.
Thus far, I have seen no evidence he is anything other than entirely rational, and playing a bad hand very shrewdly.
So assuming his main goal is staying in power, and staying alive, why are we so sure that no military action is possible and that even a limited strike would result in an assault on Seoul?
Kim Jong Un and his generals must understand that returning fire, with a large-scale attack on civilians in Seoul or Tokyo, would be suicide and that they would be ensuring the end of their regime.
Surely a more logical response would be to accept the strike on the nuclear test facility, or missile launch site, which could be spun domestically as further proof of the aggressive US enemy at the gates its people are already told is poised to attack and invade at any time, and live to rail against the imperialists another day.
The problem is communicating to Pyongyang that this is what is happening, and not the start of an all-out attack, in which case they would have nothing to lose, and would try to get their nuclear retaliation in first.
Despite what Mr Trump might think, China does not have the influence it once did on North Korea – there is mistrust on both sides, and relations have cooled significantly since the days when they were “as close as lips and teeth”.
Without that channel to reliably communicate those intentions, you are counting on Kim Jong Un and his advisers to draw the right conclusion in the critical minutes after the strike, and not to order the counter-attack.
That’s a hell of a gamble to take with 10 million people’s lives.
Which is why Kim’s assessment is probably right – that for all the talk of fire and fury, Donald Trump will ultimately come to the same conclusion as all the others before him: that the risks of military action are simply too great, and these were just empty words.
Last week, an amateur drone pilot landed his DJI quadcopter on the deck of Britain’s newest and most advanced aircraft carrier. The incident was accidental, but highlights the irony of how difficult it is to neutralise threats from smaller aircraft like drones that are slowly filling the skies. But perhaps modifying a missile that can hit speeds of mach 2.2 isn’t the best solution to the problem?
Back in April, at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida, the Army National Guard tested a modified pair of Raytheon’s Stinger anti-air missiles that were upgraded with proximity fuzes that explode in the vicinity of a target, intercepting “two small unmanned airborne systems” for the first time.
The missiles, which can be launched from a shoulder-mounted cannon or from attack helicopters, have a range of about five miles, and use an electronic guidance and control system to hit easily hit flying targets like aircraft or cruise missiles. Each one comes with a $38,000 (£29,638) price tag, and Raytheon isn’t just pitching them for use against aircraft like the 48-foot-wide, $4 million (£3.1m) Predator drone.
The company thinks its Stinger missiles are legitimately a viable solution to taking out much smaller drones that are highly manoeuvrable and much harder to detect and engage in the air. There’s little doubt this solution would be effective, as the Stingers have been used in combat for years now. But it seems like an incredibly expensive, and potentially dangerous way to take down aircraft flying at low altitudes.
Technologies like electromagnetic cannons that prevent a drone pilot from properly controlling their craft seem like a much safer and affordable solution to the problem. There is something strangely satisfying, however, about watching a missile that can take out helicopters vaporising what’s essentially an overgrown hobby drone.
The Russian military said it will conduct joint military maneuvers with its allies in Central Asia in response to regional threats arising from the war in Afghanistan.
Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said at a meeting with Russia’s top military brass in Moscow on August 18 that the conflict between Afghan government forces and the Taliban poses a threat to the Central Asia’s stability.
Shoigu said that Russia will hold joint war games later this year with Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Russia has military bases in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
He said that as part of efforts to prepare for potential threats, Russia staged joint maneuvers with Tajikistan earlier this year. The drills in July involved launches of the Iskander-M missiles, one of the most advanced weapons in Russian military arsenals.
War planes streaked through the sky, more than 1,500 troops marched, and long lines of military vehicles thundered through the centre of the Polish capital as the country marked Armed Forces Day with a bang on Tuesday.
As in previous years, troops from other NATO countries joined the annual parade, among them American, Canadian, British and Romanian units that have been deployed to help strengthen the Western military alliance’s eastern flank.
There were also soldiers from more than a dozen other allied and partner states, including Croatia, Spain, Germany and Ukraine.
Crowds of onlookers
The Warsaw parade attracted crowds of onlookers and featured 200 or so army vehicles including self-propelled howitzers, battle tanks and missile launchers. Among the hardware on show were Leopard and Twardy tanks, Rosomak armoured vehicles, Langusta missile launchers and Osa mobile air defence missile systems.
The crowd could also catch a glimpse of American Stryker armoured vehicles and Jackal and Panther vehicles used by the British army. Romanian troops showcased weaponry including Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns.
Marching detachments included students of military academies and members of paramilitary organisations. For the first time, the country’s new territorial defence force joined the event, observers noted.
Taking to the skies
More than 60 aircraft contributed to the show, which began with the Red-and-White Sparks, an aerobatic demonstration team of the Polish air force. It staged a colourful flyover, leaving a trail of smoke in national colours. There were also SW-4 Puszczyk, W-3 Sokół, Mi-8, Mi-17 and Mi-24 helicopters, accompanied by American Apache, Chinook and Black Hawk machines.
Also flying past were CASA C-295M, Hercules and Bryza transport airplanes as well as Orlik training planes. The air show closed with F-16, MiG-29 and Su-22 fighter jets soaring across the sky.
The parade was followed by a picnic in a city park where people could get inside some of the military vehicles and inspect a variety of historical hardware on display.
The August 15 celebration marks Poland’s landmark victory against the Russian Bolsheviks in the 1920 Battle of Warsaw, in which Polish troops led by Marshal Józef Piłsudski defeated an advancing Red Army despite being vastly outnumbered.
The day was first celebrated as a holiday from 1923 to 1947, and then restored as Armed Forces Day in 1992 after decades of Soviet-imposed communism.
KALININGRAD, August 14. /TASS/. More than 20 planes and helicopters and 500 troops from the Baltic Fleet’s naval aviation base are involved in flight and tactical exercise and missile firing and bombing practices at a proving ground in the Kaliningrad Region, the fleet’s spokesman, Roman Martov, told TASS.
“Participating in the routine exercise are more than 20 crews of Sukhoi-27 and Sukhoi-24 planes and military transport helicopters Mi-24 and Mi-8, as well as deck helicopters Ka-27, and military transport planes Antonov-26,” he said.
The participating forces provide fire support for ground forces, destroy command centers, armored vehicles and manpower of a hypothetical enemy, conduct air reconnaissance and destroy air targets and search for and eliminate submarines of a hypothetical enemy.
In both daytime and at night air crews launch guided and unguided missiles of different class, drop bombs ranging 100 kilograms to 500 kilograms and practice maneuvering in dog fight and approach targets in adverse radio-electronic warfare conditions.
A total of 30 combat training flights are due, Martov said.
German Navy’s newest frigate and the lead ship in its class, the future FGS Baden-Württemberg, has missed its scheduled July 28 commissioning date as it is yet to be handed over by the shipbuilders.
According to German news site Wilhelmshavener Zeitung, FGS Baden-Württemberg is still undergoing adjustments and check ups.
One the issues the news site reported was the frigate’s operations room from where the highly-automated ship will be controlled. This is a complex system as the 7000-tonne frigate (close to the displacement range of a destroyer) will require only half the crew necessary to operate the predecessor Bremen-Class frigates.
According to the German Navy, the F125 will be deploying with little over 100 personnel.
Reporting on the sea trials of the second frigate in the class, the Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany’s Federal Office of Bundeswehr Equipment, Information Technology and In-Service Support (BAAINBw) in March this year said the frigate successfully completed builder’s trials without mentioning the technical issues or the listing issues Naval Today earlier reported about.
BAAINBw is currently working out problems with the operations room on FGS Baden-Württemberg and the frigate is scheduled to start functional tests by the end of August 2017, the news site quoted a BAAINBw spokesperson as saying.
F125 frigates are a new class of ships set to replace the eight Bremen-Class frigates currently in service with the German Navy.
The navy has developed an alternative crewing model for the frigates with four ships operated by eight crews. The deployment duration for any of the crews should not exceed four months.
New sensor-weapon concepts are prepared for the enhanced flexibility and scalable control-options of the frigates. Almost all weapons on board will be remotely controlled. Passive protection will also be enhanced by automatized surveillance systems.
These ships will be the first ones to run the so-called CODLAG propulsion system. The system essentially consists of electric motors which will draw power from diesel generators. The new ships will carry four deployable boats and have two container spots on the middle deck.
Weaponry will consist of HARPOON and RAM missiles, one 127 mm machine gun, two 27 mm and five 12.7 mm guns. The 150-meter ship will have a complement capacity of 190 persons and a maximum speed of 26 knots.
Polish Armed Forces have deployed, among other assets, Poprad anti-aircraft system and Soła radars, in Lithuania, within the framework of the Tobruq Legacy exercise.The training operation in question also involves troops hailing from the anti-aircraft units of the US or British Armies.
According to the information provided to us by Major Dariusz Kurowski of the Polish General Command of the Armed Forces, Polish Army has deployed, among other assets, ZU-23-2/ZUR systems, Grom MANPADS, Soła radar and Poprad anti-aircraft systems, to take part in the Tobruq Legacy exercise.
Major Kurowski, within the provided statement, placed an emphasis on the fact that almost 80 Polish soldiers are involved in the aforesaid training operation. They have been deployed by the 15th Anti-Aircraft Regiment of the 16th “Pomorska” Mechanized Division and by the 8th Anti-Aircraft Regiment of the 12th “Szczecińska” Mechanized Division.
The primary goal of having the soldiers involved in the operation is to “Perfect the procedures tied to cooperation and enhance the interoperability of the anti-aircraft elements of the allied and partner nations” Mjr Kurowski added that Poprad self-propelled SAM system has not yet been introduced into operational use within the Polish Armed Forces. The system has been deployed within a detachment hailing from the 8th Anti-Aircraft Regiment.
The contract covering the procurement of the Poprad systems has been signed in December 2015, with its value defined as PLN 1.083 billion. On the basis of the agreement mentioned above, the Polish Army is to receive 79 Poprad systems in total, with 2 coming from the implementation lot, and 77 brand-new ones. The deliveries were planned to be finalized in 2021.
Poprad anti-aircraft systems have been destined to be introduced into the structures of division-level anti-aircraft regiments, as well as into the structureS of the selected brigade-level anti-aircraft squadrons. The system is based on Żubr-P vehicle, manufactured by the AMZ-Kutno facility.
The vehicle has been armed with 4 Grom short range missiles, allowing the system to act against targets flying at altitudes of up to 3.5 kilometres, at a range of 5.5 kilometres from the launch point. In a longer run, Poprad system is also going to be integrated with the new Piorun missiles, which would expand the effective ranges and altitudes envelope even further.
Poprad platform makes use of an electro-optical targeting system including thermal-vision and TV cameras coupled with a laser rangefinder. Moreover, the system has been fitted with an IFF solution provided by PIT-RADWAR S.A. The system is capable of autonomously neutralizing airborne threats, meaning that it is able to carry out detection, identification and attacks on its own. Poprad also offers an option of acting as a part of an integrated air-defence system. It may receive targeting solutions from external sources too.
According to the Lithuanian MoD, the portion of the Tobruq Legacy exercise taking place in Lithuania involves US soldiers (with a Patriot anti-aircraft battery) who are working together with troops hailing from Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and the UK. The exercise, also simultaneously held in Romania and in the Czech Republic is to involve soldiers from several countries, which is to enhance interoperability of the air-defence units and air-defence systems from a number of NATO member states.
Lithuania currently operates the Polish Grom MANPADS, which have been, in a gradual manner, delivered on the basis of the relevant agreement signed back in 2014. Beyond that, the Lithuanian Army also utilizes RBS-70 and Stinger systems. Furthermore, Vilnius is also planning to procure NASAMS systems which are expected to be delivered before 2020.
Russia will strive to see its Navy world second in combat capabilities, say the Fundamentals of Russia’s State Naval Policy Through 2030 approved by President Vladimir Putin’s decree on Thursday.
“The Russian Federation will not allow overwhelming superiority of foreign countries’ navies over its Navy and will aspire to ensure a second world rank in combat capabilities,” says the document.
During times of peace and in the wake of an immediate threat or aggression, the Russian Navy should be capable of preventing any pressure and aggression against Russia and its allies both in oceanic and maritime routes and of deploying forces (troops) promptly and secretly in remote areas of the World Ocean. The Navy should be capable of providing sustainable, covert and uninterrupted command in a real time mode over the forces (troops) that can be stationed in any area of the World Ocean at the time.
During a war, the Navy should be capable of inflicting unacceptable damage to the adversary with the aim to coerce them into halting hostilities under conditions that secure Russia’s national interests.
US ‘global strike’ concept poses direct threat to Russia’s security
The Russian Navy is a major effective instrument of strategic containment, including against the US ‘global strike’ concept that poses a direct threat to international and Russia’s security, according to the document.
The document notes that the role of armed forces in the struggle for leadership in the oceanic and sea directions increases in the 21st century and “the navies of world powers are able with their actions from the sea to change the course of the armed struggle and the war outcome as a whole.”
“A confirmation of this is the ‘global strike’ concept, which has been developed by the United States and which poses a new challenge to international security and directly threatens the military security of the Russian Federation. An important role in the implementation of this concept is attached to naval forces,” the Fundamentals of Russia’s State Naval Policy say.
The document stresses that the Russian Navy is “one of the most effective instruments of strategic (nuclear and conventional) containment, including of the prevention of a ‘global strike.’”
This is ensured by the presence of naval strategic nuclear forces and general-purpose naval forces in the Navy, and also by the possibility of realizing the Russian Navy’s combat potential “practically in any area of the World Ocean” and the ability of naval groupings to deploy “within short time limits” in the areas of the emergence of conflict situations and the ability of their long stay there “without breaching the sovereignty of other states,” and also by the high degree of preparedness for operations, including for delivering strikes against an enemy’s critically important facilities.”
The document also notes that with the development of precision weapons, the Navy faces “a qualitatively new task of destroying an enemy’s military and economic potential by striking its vital facilities from the sea.”
“The availability of a sufficient amount of precision weapons and the possibility to use them by various methods will help ensure the containment of large-scale military operations against the Russian federation,” the document says.
Strategic containment basic elements
According to the document, nuclear and conventional containment are the basic elements of the system of strategic deterrence while general-purpose naval forces play an important role in accomplishing strategic containment tasks.
“Amid an escalating military conflict, the demonstration of preparedness and resolve to use force with the employment of non-strategic nuclear weapons is an effective deterrence factor,” the Fundamentals say.
The document defines the basic naval tasks for the prevention of military conflicts and strategic deterrence: continuously assessing and forecasting the military and political situation in the World Ocean, maintaining strategic stability in this sphere, keeping the naval forces ready for operations in strategically important areas, providing for the possibility for warships to use weapons, including long-range precision weapons, “against any potential enemy,” performing maneuvers and “regular under-ice operation of nuclear-powered submarines,” raising the Black Sea Fleet’s operational and combat capabilities by way of developing a joint force grouping on the Crimean peninsula, and also ensuring Russia’s permanent naval presence in the Mediterranean Sea and other strategically important areas.